My research interests have evolved in the last few years. I became interested in social media analysis in early 2016 when I was on a research sabbatical. I put on hold this research shortly after Hurricane Maria devasted Puerto Rico’s infrastructure. As a Puerto Rican, I decided to analyze the recovery process as well as the evolving relationship between the U.S. federal government and Puerto Rico. My newest publication is a product of this research:

“The Donations Gap and the 2017 Atlantic Hurricane Season: Explaining Why Puerto Rico’s Disaster Relief Operations Post-Maria Received Fewer Charity Contributions that Similar Efforts in Texas and Florida,” CENTRO: Journal of the Center for Puerto Rican Studies, vol. 33, no. 1 (Spring 2021), pp. 154- 193.

My current research explores ways “text-as-data” methodologies can help us understand different political actors’ interests, decisions, and policy preferences.  This interest informs my current project which examines U.N. members’ statements in the UN General Assembly’s General Debate and the U.N. Security Council.  For more information please click on the tab above and for an application of these methodologies to UN General Debate Corpus, read the following working paper:

“Using Text-Mining Methodologies to Explore States’ Perspectives on the United Nations’ Role in Counter- Terrorism in the UN General Debate Corpus, 1970-2020”

My past research can be cataloged in three areas. First, I examined the legal and political ramifications of humanitarian interventions and post-war peace-building efforts. My published work mostly looked at the international community’s interventions in the Balkans during the 1990s and the 2003 U.S.-led invasion of Iraq.

“The Kosovo Intervention” G. K. Piehler (editor) Encyclopedia of Military Science (Sage Publications, 2013).

“Nation-Building” in G. K. Piehler (editor) Encyclopedia of Military Science (Sage Publications, 2013).

“The Bosnian Intervention” in G. K. Piehler (editor) Encyclopedia of Military Science (Sage Publications, 2013).

Why Did the U.N. Security Council Approve the Anglo-American Project to Transform Postwar Iraq?: The Evolution of International Law in the Shadow of the American Hegemon,” Journal of International Law and International Relations, vol. 3, no. 1 (Spring 2007): 65-94.

Failing to Meet Expectations in Iraq: A Review of the Original U.S. Post-War Strategy,The Middle East Review of International Affairs, vol. 8, no. 1 (March 2004): 52-68.

“Post-War Reconstruction of Iraq’s Livestock Industry,” in Proceedings of the Ontario Veterinary Medical Association Conference (Ottawa: February 2004), pp. 301-06.

Society-Building in Bosnia: A Critique of Post-Dayton Peacebuilding Efforts,” The Seton Hall Journal of Diplomacy and International Relations vol. 4, no. 2 (Summer/Fall 2003): 59-74.

Resolving the Bosnian Conflict: European Solutions,” The Fletcher Forum of World Affairs, vol. 27, no. 1 (Winter/Spring 2003): 147-164.

“Fostering a Self-Sustaining Peace in Bosnia & Herzegovina: An Alternative Strategy,” Politica Externă: A Journal of Comparative Politics and International Relations, vol. 3, no. 7-8 (Winter 2000): 135-151.

Second, I closely analyzed the foreign policy of President George W. Bush’s administration. In one of my papers, I compared the administration’s invasion of Iraq to American foreign policy to the Caribbean in the late 1800s and early 1900s.

The Imperial Turn: Analyzing Post-9/11 American Foreign Policy through the Prism of 1898,” Revista de Historia Actual, vol. 4 no. 4 (2006): 27-44.

America’s Quest for Global Hegemony: Offensive Realism, the Bush Doctrine and the 2003 Iraq War,” Theoria: A Journal of Social and Political Theory, vol. 53, no. 2, issue 110 (August 2006): 125-157.

Oversimplifying Iraq’s Challenges: Bush’s Fort Bragg Speech and the Declining Public Support for the War,” Historia Actual On-Line, no. 8 (Autumn 2005): 51-58.

“Empire or Hegemony? Offensive Realism, U.S. Power and the 2003 Iraq War” in G. Rimmington (editor) Empire or Interdependence: A Multidisciplinary, International Conference on the Post-Cold War World (Wichita, KS: April 2005), pp. 54-79.

I researched the emergence and the evolution of post-9/11 global counter-terrorism strategies.  My work looked at the U.N. Security Council’s efforts to build this counter-terrorism system. To measure these strategies’ effectiveness, my work looked at how global governance networks encouraged states, especially in the Arab world, to adopt new counter-terrorism financing laws and regulations.

A Partnership to Counter International Terrorism: The UN Security Council and Its Member States,” Studies in Terrorism and Conflict (November 2011). [with William Messmer]

The Origins of the United Nations’ Counter-Terrorism System,” Historia Actual On-line, no. 22 (2010): 173-182. [with William Messmer]

Microfinancing Terrorism: A Study in al Qaeda Financing Strategy” in M. Cox (editor) State of Corruption, State of Chaos: The Terror of Political Malfeasance (Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2008), pp. 167-180. [with Tolga Koker]

Enacting Counter Terrorism Financing Laws in Bahrain and the UAE: The Fusion of Global Pressures, Regional Dynamics, and Local Interests,” Ninth Mediterranean Research Meeting, European University Institute (Florence, Italy: March 2008).